Basic Facts About Ethiopia

Basic Facts About Ethiopia

 

Country name: conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Conventional short form: Ethiopia
Abbreviation: FDRE
Location: Eastern Africa
Time:  The Ethiopian time in 3 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) and is equally divided into day and night, each consisting of 12 hours from sunrise to sunset and vice-versa
Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 38 00 E- Source: CIA
Border countries: Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km- Source: CIA
Total Land boundaries: 5,328 km- Source: CIA
Total Area: 1,104,300 sq km – source: CIA
Water: 104,300 sq km- Source: CIA
Land use: arable land: 10.01% – Source: CIA
permanent crops: 0.65%- Source: CIA
Irrigated land: 2,900 sq km (2003)- Source: CIA
Climate: tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Population: 82,4101,998 (2011) projection – source: CSA Ethiopia
GDP:357,794,844,000 Birr at current market price (2009/2010)-  Source: Minister of finance and Economic Development of Ethiopia
GDP growth rate: 10.4% (2010)-  Source: Minister of finance and Economic Development of Ethiopia
Real Per capita GDP: 238 USD(2009/10) – Source: Minister of finance and Economic Development of Ethiopia

Calendar

The Ethiopian Calendar is much more similar to the Egyptian Coptic Calendar having a year of 13 months, 365 days and 3600 days in a leap year (every four year) and it is much influenced by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, which follows its ancient Calendar rules and beliefs. The Ethiopian Calendar is seven years and eight months behind the Gregorian (Western) and Eastern Orthodox Church calendars.

Although the Julian, Gregorian, Coptic and Ethiopian calendars have the same number of days in a year (365 days and 366 days in a leap year), the counting systems giving the number of days in each month, number of months in a year, of the Julian and Gregorian calendars differ from the Ethiopian and Egyptian Coptic calendars. The Ethiopian and Coptic calendars consist of 13 months where the first 12 months have 30 days each, and the last (thirteenth) month has 5 days (6 days in a leap year). The Gregorian calendar consists of 12 months with January, March, May, July, August, October and December having 31 days, April June, September and November, 30 days and February having 28 days (29 days in a leap year).

The Ethiopian New Year falls on September 11 (September 12 in a leap year). In Ethiopia the first month of the year is September and the last (thirteenth) month of the year is PAGUMIEN, which comes after August. Each month has 30 days (from September to August) and the thirteenth month, PAGUMIEN, has 5 days (6 days in a leap year).

 

Ethiopian Month Gregorian Month  Gregorian Equivalent Dates
MESKEREM (Month 1 ) September(Month 9) September 11- October 10 (Begins September 12 during leap years)
TIKIMT  (Month 2) October (Month 10) October 11- November 9
HIDAR (Month 3) November (Month 11) November 10- December 9
TAHSAS (Month 4) December (Month 12) December 10 January 8
TIR (Month 5) January (Month 1) January 9-Feberary 7
YEKATIT (Month 6) February (Month 2) February 8- march 9
MAGABIT (Month 7) March (Month 3) March 10-April 8
MIYAZYA (Month 8) April (Month 4) April 9- May 8
GINBOT (Month 9) May (month 5) May 9- June 7
SENE (Month 10) June (Month 6) June 8-July 7
HAMLE (Month 11) July (Month 7) July 8- August 6
NEHASE (Month 12) August (Month 8) August 7 September 5
PAGUMIEN (Month 13) September6- September 10 (ends September 1, During leap years)

 

For more information, visitwww.ethiopic.com/calendar/Ethiopic.htm

Source: Ethiopian info and Shopping Directory

Distance of towns and cities from ADDIS ABABA in KMS

Cities/Towns Distance From Addis Ababa (in KM) Cities/Towns Distance From Addis Ababa (in KM)
ADDIS ABUN 1002 GINIR 583
ADDIGRAT 898 GOBA 455
ADDIS ALEM 55 GODE 1197
ADDIS ZEMEN 645 GOHATSION 186
ADWA 1006 GONDER 738
AGARO 390 GORE 625
AKAKI 20 GORGORA 773
ALABA KULITO 313 GUDER 136
ALAMATA 600 GUGUFTU 433
ALELTU 55 HAGERE MARYAM 467
ALEM GENA 19 HAGERE SELAM 366
ALEM KETEMA 112 HAIK 429
ALEMTENA 112 HAMUSIT 597
ALEMAYA 507 HARRAR 526
AMMANUEL 323 HIRNA 373
AMBA GLORGIS 779 HOLRTA GENET 44
AMBA LAGE 711 HOSSA’ANA 432
AMBO 125 HUMERA 902
ARBAMINCH 383 HURUTA 164
ARBERKITIE 336 IDAGA HAMXUS 44
AREKA 301 INJIBARA 452
ARJO 460 JIHAR 214
ARSI  NEGELE 231 JIJIGA 628
ASSAYITA 649 JIMMA 346
ASSEBE TEFERI 326 JINKA 729
ASSELA 175 KALITY 15
ASSENDABO 289 KEBIBEYA 673
ASESSA 285 KEBRIDAHAR 103
ASOSSA 673 KEMISSIE 325
ATAYE 269 KERSSA 487
AWASA 273 KIBRE MENGIST 471
AWASH 223 KOBO 569
AWODAY 513 KOFFELE 277
AXUM 1024 KOMBOLCHA 376
AYEKEL 681 KONSSO 591
AZEZO 728 KOREM 619
BABILE 557 KULIBI 464
BAHIR DAR 560 KUMRUK 769
GOBA BALE 251 KUTABER 426
BATTI 417 KUYERA 238
BEDELLE 483 LEGEDADI 25
BEDDESSA 336 LEMI 116
BEKOJJI 231 LIMU GENET 417
BERRA 356 LUMAME 261
BICHENA 265 MANKUSA 397
BODDITI 366 MAYCHEW 662
BONGA 449 MEGGA 663
BURRIE (GOJJAM) 411 MEHALMEDA 295
BURRIE (ILLUBABOR) 692 MIESO 302
BUTAJIRA 133 MEKANE SELAM 580
CHACHA 110 MEKELE 783
CHAGNI 504 MENDI 580
CHANCHO 40 MENDIDA 155
CHEKENKO 448 MEQI 134
CHILGA 767 METEHARA 193
DABAT 814 METEMMA 850
DANGILA 485 METU 600
DEBAREK 841 MEZEZO 195
DEBRE BIRHAN 130 MILLE 531
DEBRE MARKOS 299 MIZAN TEFERI 561
DEBRE SINA 190 MOJO 73
DEBRE TABOR 666 MOLALE 254
DEBRE TSIGE 89 MOTTA 368
DEBRE WORK 690 MOYALLE 771
DEBRE ZEIT 47 MUKETURI 78
DECHATU 515 NEZERETH/ADAMA 98
DEDER 449 NEGELE 610
DEDESSA 377 NEJO 440
DEGEHABUR 799 NEKEMTE 327
DEJEN 229 NIFAS MEWCHA 739
DEMBI DOLLO 662 ROBE 442
DENBECHA 346 SEBETA 24
DENEBA 175 SELEKLAKA 1065
DENGEGO 495 SENDAFA 39
DESSIE 401 SERBO 323
DILLA 359 SHAKISO 497
DINSHO 411 SHAMBU 266
DIRE DAWA 515 SHASHEMENIE 250
DODOLLA 327 SHEIK 480
DOLLO MENNA 565 SHENO 78
DUBTI 565 SOKORU 255
DUKEM 37 SULUTA 25
DURAME 350 TAMRA BER 180
DURBETE 502 TEFKI 41
ENDASELLASSEI 1087 TENDAHO 576
ENDIBER 188 TENTTA 541
ENINAWARI 195 TEPI 609
ERER GOTA 571 TIKILDINGAY7 92
ESTE 642 TIS ABAY 470
FELEGE NIWAY 514 TULU BOLO 82
FERFER 1228 WOLAYITA SODO 366
FICHE 130 WOLDIYA 521
FINOTE SELAM 514 WOLENCHITI 122
FIRE WOYNINI 866 WOLENKOMI 76
FISEHA GENET 405 WOLISO 116
FUGANA BIRRA 582 WOLKITE 158
GAMBELLA 771 WONDO 337
GEBRE GURACHA 156 WANJI 107
GEDO 193 WOREILU 482
GELEMSSO 396 WOROTTA 620
GEWANE 375 WUCHALE 461
GIMBI 460 WUKRO 829
GINCHI 89 YABELLO 567
YIRGA ALEM 315

  

Source: Ethiopian info and Shopping Directory

Area Code

011-ADDIS ABABA, FITCHE, DEBRESINA, DEBERSINA, DEBREZEIT, AMBO, GUDER
022- MOJO, NAZARETH, WONJI, MEKI
033-KEMISE, LALIBELA, DESSIE, WOLDIA, WOREILU, DUBTI, ASAITA
034-KOREM, MAYCHEW, MEKELE, ADIGRAT, ADWA, AXUM, SHIRE, WUKRO
025-ASEBETEFERI, DIRE DAWA, HARAR, KEBODEHAR, JIJIGA, GODIE
046-SHASHEMENE,DILLA, MOYALE, WOLAITA, ARBAMICH, BUTAGIRA, HOSAENA, JINK, DOLOMENA, GOBA
047-JIMMA, GORIE, METU, GAMBELA,TEJI, BACO, FUNCHA, NEKEMPT, DEMBIDOLO, ASOSA, BONGA, NEJO

Source: Ethiopian info and Shopping Directory