## Basic Facts About Ethiopia

Country name: conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia |

Conventional short form: Ethiopia |

Abbreviation: FDRE |

Location: Eastern Africa |

Time: The Ethiopian time in 3 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) and is equally divided into day and night, each consisting of 12 hours from sunrise to sunset and vice-versa |

Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 38 00 E- Source: CIA |

Border countries: Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861 km, Somalia 1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km- Source: CIA |

Total Land boundaries: 5,328 km- Source: CIA |

Total Area: 1,104,300 sq km – source: CIA |

Water: 104,300 sq km- Source: CIA |

Land use: arable land: 10.01% – Source: CIA |

permanent crops: 0.65%- Source: CIA |

Irrigated land: 2,900 sq km (2003)- Source: CIA |

Climate: tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation |

Population: 82,4101,998 (2011) projection – source: CSA Ethiopia |

GDP:357,794,844,000 Birr at current market price (2009/2010)- Source: Minister of finance and Economic Development of Ethiopia |

GDP growth rate: 10.4% (2010)- Source: Minister of finance and Economic Development of Ethiopia |

Real Per capita GDP: 238 USD(2009/10) – Source: Minister of finance and Economic Development of Ethiopia |

**Calendar **

The Ethiopian Calendar is much more similar to the Egyptian Coptic Calendar having a year of 13 months, 365 days and 3600 days in a leap year (every four year) and it is much influenced by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, which follows its ancient Calendar rules and beliefs. The Ethiopian Calendar is seven years and eight months behind the Gregorian (Western) and Eastern Orthodox Church calendars.

Although the Julian, Gregorian, Coptic and Ethiopian calendars have the same number of days in a year (365 days and 366 days in a leap year), the counting systems giving the number of days in each month, number of months in a year, of the Julian and Gregorian calendars differ from the Ethiopian and Egyptian Coptic calendars. The Ethiopian and Coptic calendars consist of 13 months where the first 12 months have 30 days each, and the last (thirteenth) month has 5 days (6 days in a leap year). The Gregorian calendar consists of 12 months with January, March, May, July, August, October and December having 31 days, April June, September and November, 30 days and February having 28 days (29 days in a leap year).

The Ethiopian New Year falls on September 11 (September 12 in a leap year). In Ethiopia the first month of the year is September and the last (thirteenth) month of the year is PAGUMIEN, which comes after August. Each month has 30 days (from September to August) and the thirteenth month, PAGUMIEN, has 5 days (6 days in a leap year).

Ethiopian Month |
Gregorian Month |
Gregorian Equivalent Dates |

MESKEREM (Month 1 ) | September(Month 9) | September 11- October 10 (Begins September 12 during leap years) |

TIKIMT (Month 2) | October (Month 10) | October 11- November 9 |

HIDAR (Month 3) | November (Month 11) | November 10- December 9 |

TAHSAS (Month 4) | December (Month 12) | December 10 January 8 |

TIR (Month 5) | January (Month 1) | January 9-Feberary 7 |

YEKATIT (Month 6) | February (Month 2) | February 8- march 9 |

MAGABIT (Month 7) | March (Month 3) | March 10-April 8 |

MIYAZYA (Month 8) | April (Month 4) | April 9- May 8 |

GINBOT (Month 9) | May (month 5) | May 9- June 7 |

SENE (Month 10) | June (Month 6) | June 8-July 7 |

HAMLE (Month 11) | July (Month 7) | July 8- August 6 |

NEHASE (Month 12) | August (Month 8) | August 7 September 5 |

PAGUMIEN (Month 13) | September6- September 10 (ends September 1, During leap years) |

For more information, visit__www.ethiopic.com/calendar/Ethiopic.htm__

**Source: Ethiopian info and Shopping Directory**

**Distance of towns and cities from ADDIS ABABA in KMS**

Cities/Towns |
Distance From Addis Ababa (in KM) |
Cities/Towns |
Distance From Addis Ababa (in KM) |

ADDIS ABUN | 1002 | GINIR | 583 |

ADDIGRAT | 898 | GOBA | 455 |

ADDIS ALEM | 55 | GODE | 1197 |

ADDIS ZEMEN | 645 | GOHATSION | 186 |

ADWA | 1006 | GONDER | 738 |

AGARO | 390 | GORE | 625 |

AKAKI | 20 | GORGORA | 773 |

ALABA KULITO | 313 | GUDER | 136 |

ALAMATA | 600 | GUGUFTU | 433 |

ALELTU | 55 | HAGERE MARYAM | 467 |

ALEM GENA | 19 | HAGERE SELAM | 366 |

ALEM KETEMA | 112 | HAIK | 429 |

ALEMTENA | 112 | HAMUSIT | 597 |

ALEMAYA | 507 | HARRAR | 526 |

AMMANUEL | 323 | HIRNA | 373 |

AMBA GLORGIS | 779 | HOLRTA GENET | 44 |

AMBA LAGE | 711 | HOSSA’ANA | 432 |

AMBO | 125 | HUMERA | 902 |

ARBAMINCH | 383 | HURUTA | 164 |

ARBERKITIE | 336 | IDAGA HAMXUS | 44 |

AREKA | 301 | INJIBARA | 452 |

ARJO | 460 | JIHAR | 214 |

ARSI NEGELE | 231 | JIJIGA | 628 |

ASSAYITA | 649 | JIMMA | 346 |

ASSEBE TEFERI | 326 | JINKA | 729 |

ASSELA | 175 | KALITY | 15 |

ASSENDABO | 289 | KEBIBEYA | 673 |

ASESSA | 285 | KEBRIDAHAR | 103 |

ASOSSA | 673 | KEMISSIE | 325 |

ATAYE | 269 | KERSSA | 487 |

AWASA | 273 | KIBRE MENGIST | 471 |

AWASH | 223 | KOBO | 569 |

AWODAY | 513 | KOFFELE | 277 |

AXUM | 1024 | KOMBOLCHA | 376 |

AYEKEL | 681 | KONSSO | 591 |

AZEZO | 728 | KOREM | 619 |

BABILE | 557 | KULIBI | 464 |

BAHIR DAR | 560 | KUMRUK | 769 |

GOBA BALE | 251 | KUTABER | 426 |

BATTI | 417 | KUYERA | 238 |

BEDELLE | 483 | LEGEDADI | 25 |

BEDDESSA | 336 | LEMI | 116 |

BEKOJJI | 231 | LIMU GENET | 417 |

BERRA | 356 | LUMAME | 261 |

BICHENA | 265 | MANKUSA | 397 |

BODDITI | 366 | MAYCHEW | 662 |

BONGA | 449 | MEGGA | 663 |

BURRIE (GOJJAM) | 411 | MEHALMEDA | 295 |

BURRIE (ILLUBABOR) | 692 | MIESO | 302 |

BUTAJIRA | 133 | MEKANE SELAM | 580 |

CHACHA | 110 | MEKELE | 783 |

CHAGNI | 504 | MENDI | 580 |

CHANCHO | 40 | MENDIDA | 155 |

CHEKENKO | 448 | MEQI | 134 |

CHILGA | 767 | METEHARA | 193 |

DABAT | 814 | METEMMA | 850 |

DANGILA | 485 | METU | 600 |

DEBAREK | 841 | MEZEZO | 195 |

DEBRE BIRHAN | 130 | MILLE | 531 |

DEBRE MARKOS | 299 | MIZAN TEFERI | 561 |

DEBRE SINA | 190 | MOJO | 73 |

DEBRE TABOR | 666 | MOLALE | 254 |

DEBRE TSIGE | 89 | MOTTA | 368 |

DEBRE WORK | 690 | MOYALLE | 771 |

DEBRE ZEIT | 47 | MUKETURI | 78 |

DECHATU | 515 | NEZERETH/ADAMA | 98 |

DEDER | 449 | NEGELE | 610 |

DEDESSA | 377 | NEJO | 440 |

DEGEHABUR | 799 | NEKEMTE | 327 |

DEJEN | 229 | NIFAS MEWCHA | 739 |

DEMBI DOLLO | 662 | ROBE | 442 |

DENBECHA | 346 | SEBETA | 24 |

DENEBA | 175 | SELEKLAKA | 1065 |

DENGEGO | 495 | SENDAFA | 39 |

DESSIE | 401 | SERBO | 323 |

DILLA | 359 | SHAKISO | 497 |

DINSHO | 411 | SHAMBU | 266 |

DIRE DAWA | 515 | SHASHEMENIE | 250 |

DODOLLA | 327 | SHEIK | 480 |

DOLLO MENNA | 565 | SHENO | 78 |

DUBTI | 565 | SOKORU | 255 |

DUKEM | 37 | SULUTA | 25 |

DURAME | 350 | TAMRA BER | 180 |

DURBETE | 502 | TEFKI | 41 |

ENDASELLASSEI | 1087 | TENDAHO | 576 |

ENDIBER | 188 | TENTTA | 541 |

ENINAWARI | 195 | TEPI | 609 |

ERER GOTA | 571 | TIKILDINGAY7 | 92 |

ESTE | 642 | TIS ABAY | 470 |

FELEGE NIWAY | 514 | TULU BOLO | 82 |

FERFER | 1228 | WOLAYITA SODO | 366 |

FICHE | 130 | WOLDIYA | 521 |

FINOTE SELAM | 514 | WOLENCHITI | 122 |

FIRE WOYNINI | 866 | WOLENKOMI | 76 |

FISEHA GENET | 405 | WOLISO | 116 |

FUGANA BIRRA | 582 | WOLKITE | 158 |

GAMBELLA | 771 | WONDO | 337 |

GEBRE GURACHA | 156 | WANJI | 107 |

GEDO | 193 | WOREILU | 482 |

GELEMSSO | 396 | WOROTTA | 620 |

GEWANE | 375 | WUCHALE | 461 |

GIMBI | 460 | WUKRO | 829 |

GINCHI | 89 | YABELLO | 567 |

YIRGA ALEM | 315 |

** **

**Source: Ethiopian info and Shopping Directory**

**Area Code**

011-ADDIS ABABA, FITCHE, DEBRESINA, DEBERSINA, DEBREZEIT, AMBO, GUDER |

022- MOJO, NAZARETH, WONJI, MEKI |

033-KEMISE, LALIBELA, DESSIE, WOLDIA, WOREILU, DUBTI, ASAITA |

034-KOREM, MAYCHEW, MEKELE, ADIGRAT, ADWA, AXUM, SHIRE, WUKRO |

025-ASEBETEFERI, DIRE DAWA, HARAR, KEBODEHAR, JIJIGA, GODIE |

046-SHASHEMENE,DILLA, MOYALE, WOLAITA, ARBAMICH, BUTAGIRA, HOSAENA, JINK, DOLOMENA, GOBA |

047-JIMMA, GORIE, METU, GAMBELA,TEJI, BACO, FUNCHA, NEKEMPT, DEMBIDOLO, ASOSA, BONGA, NEJO |

**Source: Ethiopian info and Shopping Directory**